Why being Selkup is profitable advantageous
ndigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North, Siberia and Far East of the Russian Federation, or, simply put, small nations, are officially comprised of 47 peoples. The Selkup peoples, who live mainly in the north of Western Siberia, are also listed among them.
The law establishes a clear definition of this concept specifying which nations can be qualified as the small peoples. Firstly, the size of an ethnic community shall be no more than 50 thousand people. Secondly, the members of this group shall reside in their ancestral domains and be engaged in their household. It traces its origin to the term “indigenous people”, that is, the one that leads a specific way of life: breed cattle, hunting in the forest or fishing. And thirdly, the small-numbered people shall preserve their culture and language.
Why is legislative fixing of a nation necessary?
Dmitry Funk, Doctor of Historical Sciences and the head of the Department of Ethnology at Lomonosov Moscow State University, in his lecture about indigenous small-numbered peoples in Russia on PostNauka (Russian site specializing in promoting science — translator’s note) emphasizes two main causes:
Let's gain insight into the privileges the small peoples have.
The way of life for people:
The way of life of individuals belonging to this nation:
Hunting and Fishing:
The certificate which confirms the ethnicity related to the Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North is issued by the communities of Indigenous Peoples of the North or local authorities. It is also possible to issue the certificate at the passport office.
The necessary documents: